Travel in Indonesia | Indonesia's
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Unity in Diversity, the national
motto of Indonesia, is a term that strikes deep into the
heart of this dynamic and attractive Southeast Asian nation.
Few places offer such cultural variety and geographical complexity
as Indonesia, and no two journeys here are ever alike.
Location, Geography and Climate
Indonesia is composed of seventeen
thousand islands that stretch over five thousand miles along
equator. The Malay peninsula and Indochina are situated
to the north-west, and the continent of Australia lies
due south. Northward lie the Philippines and Micronesia.
The world's largest archipelago,
Indonesia's constellation of islands straddles the divide
between the Asian and Australian continental plates. As a
result, the islands offer a stunning variety of topographies
and ecologies Mist-shrouded volcanoes and mountains, unexplored
rain forests, thousands of miles of beaches, and endless
offshore reefs support a dazzling abundance of wildlife,
making Indonesia an ideal destination for adventure and eco-travel.
The great majority of
the country's constituent islands are of negligible size,
but it does hold--wholly or in part--several islands that
are enormous. These include Sumatra, Kalimantan (formerly Borneo, and shared with Malaysia), Sulawesi, and Java.
The Indonesian state of Irian Jaya occupies the western
half of New Guinea, which is
the world's second largest island (behind Greenland). The
most populous of the Indonesian islands by far is Java,
home to the sprawling capital city of Jakarta. Other notable islands include the exotic, popular resort island
of Bali, Lombok, Catholic Flores, and Komodo, home of dragons.
There are two discernible seasons
in Indonesia: the dry season, which extends from June to
October, and the rainy season, which lasts from November
to March. Both are hot. The coastal regions, however, are
often cool, and in the mountains the air is often chilly.
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